Coca de mate Erythroxylum coca
Origin: Northwest and South America Components : benzoylecgonine, ecgonine,
Coca de mate is a plant in the family Erythroxylaceae, native to north-western and south America. The plant plays a significant role in traditional Andean culture. Coca, spelled koka in Quechua and Aymara, resembles a blackthorn bush, and grows to a height of 2–3 m (7–10 ft). The branches are straight, and the leaves, which have a green tint, are thin, opaque, oval, and taper at the extremities. A marked characteristic of the leaf is an areolated portion bounded by two longitudinal curved lines, one line on each side of the midrib and more conspicuous on the under face of the leaf. Coca de mate provides vitamin A, riboflavin, iron and essential minerals (calcium, potassium, phosphorus), vitamins (B1, B2, C, E) and nutrients such as protein and fiber. It is also rich in beneficial antioxidants. The leaves of the coca plant contain alkaloids and are full nutritional properties. the coca plant contains essential minerals (calcium, potassium, phosphorus), vitamins (B1, B2, C, E) and nutrients such as protein and fiber.